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Jaisalmer City Travel Guide

Jaisalmer is situated in the heart of vast golden expanse of the Thar Desert. It is located 575 Km west from the capital city Jaipur.

It is the largest district of Rajasthan and one of the largest in the India, cover an area of over 38,401 square km. It is bounded by north (Bikaner), on the south (Barmer and Jodhpur), on the east (Jodhpur and Bikaner districts) and on the west and south west by the Pakistani border. International border have length of 471 Km. Have populations of around 78000.

Jaisalmer is named after its founder Maharwal Jaisal Singh, a Rajput king. Jaisalmer means "The Hill Fort of Jaisal". It is revered as the   "Golden City of India" because of the yellow sand and the yellow sandstone used in every structure of the city with a shining golden corona to the city and its surroundings.  It is virtually a glistening location.

Jaisalmer is situated in the heart of Thar Desert. Its average elevation is 229 m.  It is 575 Km away from the capital of Rajasthan (Jaipur).

The majority population of Jaisalmer is Bhati Rajputs. The present descendant of ‘Bhati clan of Rajputs’ is Brijraj Singh. He has carry out a lot of welfare work for the city.

Like in any desert milieu, water is scarce, and generally brackish. The depth of the well is 250 feet (76m), there are no streams and only one river, the Kakni, spreads over a large flat ground, which after flowing a distance of 48 Km and forms Lake Orihil "The Bhuj - Jhil".

Most of villagers live in huts made of grasses. Amazing truth about these huts or jhopris is that they remain cool and comfortable in summer and hot and warm in extreme winters. The huts (Jhopris) are protected by thorny bushes and rope.

Flora and Fauna: In this vast carpet of sand you will find sparse vegetation of Khezada, Bavla, Lora, Rohida, Babul, Van, Kumbhar, Phog, Jal, Neem etc. Animals need to move from one place to another place in search of food and water.

Fauna of this place consists of sheep, cow, boar, camel, goat and jackals. The birds like parrot, peacock, pigeon, crow and the white Palm birds make the atmosphere (surroundings) very lively and interesting. When you are visiting a desert, don’t miss something that is so traditional and a point of attraction in Jaisalmer and that is "Desert Festival"

Desert Festival: Rajasthan is well known for its traditional culture of music and dance.
Desert festival is held for three days in January or February every year. So, this is the best time for the tourists to visit Jaisalmer city.

This colourful festival is held at Sam Sand Dunes, away from the city distance across is about 42 Km. Here everything is exotic, where you can observer for various events like camel races, man with the best moustache, cultural events, Mr. Desert contest and many more. This festival was started to attract the foreign tourists. Festival looks really exotic in the midst of vast ocean of sand and with the back drop of sand dunes under the moonlit sky. In this festival, different-2 types of Rajasthani folk songs and dances are performed. Not only for this, the place becomes the great shopping attractions for the foreign tourists, as they get different items of various parts of Rajasthan here itself. Don’t worry if you run short of currency, there are mobile money exchangers to exchange currencies and you too have the facility of using your credit cards.

Ramdeoji Fair: The state of Rajasthan is well known for its "Hero-Worship Fair" and Jaisalmer celebrate this festival in the name of "Ramdeoji Fair" in the remembrance of famous saint of 15th century named Shri Ramdeoji.

Festival ‘Ramdeoji Fair’ is held for a period of 10 days in the months of August - September.

  •     Tourism is the major industry part in Jaisalmer.
  •     Oil India Limited (OIL) discovered natural gas in 1988 in Jaisalmer basin.
  •     Possessing a rich traditional culture of music and dance, Jaisalmer exports its culture to the   rest of the world in the form of Kalbeliya dance.
  •      It also exports embroidered goods and art metal ware to different countries.
  •     The place is also well-known for its leather messenger bags, which is made from the skin of wild camels.
  •     Occupations of around 80-85% of the population are nurture of animals and agriculture.
If you are passionate about the past, Jaisalmer will beckon you. Its structure arts and monuments of local historical significance, medieval mud fortress and walled township make it a popular tourist destination. Jaisalmer is laced with good-looking forts, stately Havelis and sacred shrines, well stacked museums-all silently echoing the glory and rich culture of the yesteryears theatre of colourful fairs that throbs with electrifying energy.

Imagine perched atop a majestic camel and winding your way through the nearby desert dunes, taking in a lungful of the past (history) with every breath. No wonder it is one of the main attractions for the foreign as well as Indian tourists.

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